托福考试总结题的解题技巧介绍

时间:2016-04-20 21:55 来源: 作者:admin

  托福考试总结题的解题技巧介绍。下面小编就来说下总结题的解题技巧,希望能够帮助到各位考生。

托福考试总结题的解题技巧介绍

  【托福考试总结题的解题技巧介绍】

  首先,在答第一题之前先浏览一遍文章。这时候最主要看的是第一段的前几句话,第二重要的则是每一段的第一句话。

  举例来看:TPO--The Origins of Cetaceans第一段

  It should be obvious that cetaceans—whales, porpoises, and dolphins—are mammals. They breathe through lungs, not through gills, and give birth to live young. Their streamlined bodies, the absence of hind legs, and the presence of a fluke1 and blowhole2 cannot disguise their affinities with land dwelling mammals. However, unlike the cases of sea otters and pinnipeds (seals, sea lions, and walruses, whose limbs are functional both on land and at sea), it is not easy to envision what the first whales looked like. Extinct but already fully marine cetaceans are known from the fossil record. How was the gap between a walking mammal and a swimming whale bridged- Missing until recently were fossils clearly intermediate, or transitional, between land mammals and cetaceans.

  这段的第一句为:“It should be obvious that cetaceans—whales, porpoises, and dolphins—are mammals.”显而易见的是,海洋鲸类…都是哺乳动物。这句话显然不是主旨,继续往下读时发现第二句和第三句讲的是鲸类的特点。接着看,主旨句其实是最后一句:“Missing until recently were fossils clearly intermediate, or transitional, between land mammals and cetaceans.”明显位于陆地哺乳动物和海洋鲸类的中间性过渡性化石直到现在才找到。

  这个例子难度稍大,也说明在寻找段落主旨时不要只盯着第一句话。

  其次,当大家已经熟悉了文章的大致架构之后。在头脑中会形成一个印象。这时候就可以从第一题开始回答了。大家在回答事实信息题或者修辞目的题时,会遇到各种各样的题干信息,而因为往往这两类题的题干中都会提到细节,这些就是在文章总结题中可能会出现的错误选项。

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